What is depression in women?
Women go through several biological phases in their lives – puberty, pregnancy, motherhood, post menstrual phase and old age. Each stage can be overwhelming in its own way. In some cases, these stages may cause physical ailments that could persist for a long duration. Trying to cope with such ailments may affect the woman’s mental health and lead to the development of depression or anxiety disorders. It is estimated that one in five women suffer from depression during some phase in their lives.
Some of the factors that could cause in women are:
- Menstrual cycle changes and related ailments, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), menopause
- Sexuality and body image issues
- Lack of freedom to make decisions (being controlled by parents, husband, or in-laws)
- Changes in lifestyle due to work, marriage or migration
- Marital conflicts such as divorce, an extra marital affair, or incompatibility
- Previous episodes of depression, postpartum depression
- Lack of social support
- Unwanted pregnancy, miscarriage, or infertility
- Being overburdened with responsibilities, or single parenthood
- Trauma due to physical or mental abuse.